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Wireless Fundamentals 3

Here you will answers to Wireless Fundamentals – Part 3

Question 1

What unit of measurement is used to represent the strength of an antenna’s radiation pattern?

A. dBi
B. dBm
C. mW
D. GHz


Answer: A


+ dBi is a unit of sound that measures acoustical and electrical power. In particular, dBi is a measure of the increase in signal (gain) by your antenna compared to the hypothetical isotropic antenna (which uniformly distributes energy in all directions) -> It is a ratio. The greater the dBi value, the higher the gain and the more acute the angle of coverage.

+ dBm is a measure of signal power. It is the the power ratio in decibel (dB) of the measured power referenced to one milliwatt (mW). The “m” stands for “milliwatt”.

Question 2

What are the four types of wireless networks? (Choose four)

A. Wireless PAN


Answer: A B C E

Question 3

What is the typical maximum range of a wireless PAN?

A. 45 feet
B. 50 feet
C. 55 feet
D. 60 feet


Answer: B


A wireless personal area network (WPAN) is a network that exists within a relatively small area, connecting electronic devices such as desktop computers, printers, scanners, fax machines, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and notebook computers.

I am not sure about the maximum range of a wireless PAN but typically a wireless personal area network can communicate within a range of about 30 feet (10 meters). I can’t find any information saying that it can operate up to 50 feet but in the exam you should choose “50 feet”.

The main WPAN technology is Bluetooth. Some technologies are IrDA, UWB, Z-Wave and ZigBee…

Question 4

What is the general maximum coverage area of a wireless PAN?

A. within 30 feet
B. within 35 feet
C. within 40 feet
D. within 45 feet


Answer: A


It is weird that Cisco thinks “maximum coverage area” is different from “maximum range”!  But this question has correct answer of 30 feet.

Question 5

What relatively new standard applies to wireless MANs?

A. IEEE 802.11
B. IEEE802.3Z
C. Wi-Fi
D. IEEE 802.16


Answer: D

Question 6

True or false: A computer device stores data in analog form.

A. true
B. false


Answer: B

Question 7

On what layers of the OSI reference model do wireless networks operate? (Choose two)

A. Physical layer
B. Network layer
C. data link layer
D. session layer


Answer: A C

Question 8

RF signals offer relatively short range as compared to light signals. True or false?

A. True
B. False


Answer: B


First we need to explain about Line-of-sight & non-line-of-sight:

Line-of-sight (LOS) is a condition where a signal travels over the air directly from a wireless transmitter to a wireless receiver without passing an obstruction.

Conversely, non-line-of-sight (NLOS) is a condition where a signal from a wireless transmitter passes several obstructions before arriving at a wireless receiver. The signal may be reflected, refracted, diffracted, absorbed or scattered.

In most case RF signals are line-of-sight signal and “light” is a non-line-of-sight signal so FR signals offer longer range than light signals.

Question 9

Spread spectrum generally requires user licenses. True or false?

A. True
B. False


Answer: B


Spread spectrum is a form of wireless communications in which the frequency of the transmitted signal is deliberately varied. This results in a much greater bandwidth than the signal would have if its frequency were not varied. For example, if you listen to an FM radio at 100 MHz, the signal stays at 100 MH and does not vary. But when you are talking to your friends via a cell phone then you are using spread spectrum technology as the mobile frequency varies from time to time (but within a specific range). This technology is called frequency hopping.

Spread-spectrum systems offer the flexibility of license-free operation in four distinct frequency bands (902-928 MHZ, 2400-2483.5 MHZ, 5150-5350 MHZ, and 5725-5825 GHz), and there are many other unlicensed ISM frequency bands, the two frequencies most commonly used for environmental monitoring and SCADA applications are 902 MHz-928 MHz and 2400 MHz-2483.5 MHz. Wireless LANs are common in the 2.4GHz band where a high data rate over short distance is required. Bluetooth and WiFi communications use the 2.4GHz band.

Question 10

Approximately up to what range do direct infrared systems operate?

A. 0.5 mile
B. 1 mile
C. 1.5 mile
D. 2.0 mile


Answer: B


The range of an infrared light system can vary from a few feet with PDA applications to 1 mile with direct infrared systems. This is significantly less range than with RF systems.

Comments (5) Comments
  1. WSL
    April 25th, 2012

    any one pass this exam lately ?

  2. Passed 05/8/2012
    May 8th, 2012

    Above are worth study.

  3. Royce
    May 1st, 2014

    I sat this exam today (just barely passed with 790/1000) and can honestly say that not one question from this site was in the exam. I had 75 multiple choice questions, zero labs. Zero drop and drag.
    I read the 640-722 quick reference guide twice and also watched the CBT nugget series on CCNA wireless. Going through these questions is a great way to identify your weaknesses and then study up, but if your planning to go into th
    e exam using this as a dump your going to fail.

  4. Daroon
    May 14th, 2014

    Is Wireless is still include in in CCNA exam?

  5. Anonymous
    February 13th, 2015

    Explanation of question 8 seems to get things backwards

    In most case RF signals are line-of-sight signal and “light” is a non-line-of-sight signal so FR signals offer longer range than light signals.

    Light is line of sight. RF can thru some walls/obstructions.